By opening a way for the immune system to attack tumours, two scientists revolutionised cancer care and won a Nobel Prize. Here is why their discoveries matter and how patients are already feeling the benefits.
A gene known for destroying hair cells can significantly improve treatment for melanoma and is a good candidate to help with prostate cancer. The discovery further highlights the potential of immunotherapy in targeting tumours.
Scientists have identified a bacterial strain that can be used against prostate cancer. This is a new example of how bacteria’s anti-tumour properties can be enlisted in designing new cancer therapies.